People are always confused about physiotherapy and physical therapy, mostly think they are the same thing. To understand fully what is Physiotherapy and Physical therapy, let’s look back the history first.
History of Physiotherapy and Physical therapy
Physiotherapy and physical therapy existed a long time ago than we know. It was first documented in the account of the master of medicine, Sir Hippocrates, way back 460 BC. Sir Hippocrates introduces manual manipulation for pain relief.
Since then physiotherapy evolves in different ways, it develops a lot of techniques and methods. These are more useful during World War I to treat the injured soldier during the war. After many years, physiotherapy and physical therapy practice use new techniques and even gadgets to enhance its ability to treat the patient.
In 1887 physical therapists were given official registration by the Sweden Board of Health and Welfare. And in the year 1894, four nurses from Great Britain formed the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, a group of registered physiotherapists.
During the 1920s where the polio outbreak happens, physical therapists and physiotherapy are highly demanded, which lead to the development of a lot of techniques and methods on how to manage patients’ conditions since polio is hard to manage, especially its effect on the physical ability of the affected person.
But until now, people are asking if they are the same thing, or they are completely different.
What Is Physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy is a method of treatment that has a specialization in treating the musculoskeletal disorder. The main goal of physiotherapy is to restore the musculoskeletal of the body after being injured. It also improves the flexibility and mobility of the muscles and joints, preventing possible injury of the joints and muscles, physiotherapy also aims to manage the acute chronic condition of patients, and it also promotes a healthy lifestyle of the patient and staying fit.
Conditions That Physiotherapy Can Be Treated
Physiotherapy can treat the following conditions:
Conditions that can cause immobility
- Musculoskeletal disorders
- Neurological problems
- Cardiorespiratory problems
Neurological diseases include Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, brain damage, spinal cord injuries, and stroke can be treated by physiotherapy, while cardiorespiratory problems, including asthma, coronary heart disease, and another type of heart problem can be managed also by physiotherapy.
What is Physical therapy?
Physical therapy is a non-invasive practice that the main aim is to help and develops an individual’s body movement, physical therapy can help clients recover from injury relieve pain, and prevent future injury.
Physical therapy uses the mechanical force of movement (biomechanics. Usually, physical therapy is used to rehab the injured athletes but it is also used to help stroke person, physical therapy not just good for one time big time, it’s a contagious treatment, the patients should participate during every session of the therapy to see the better result of the treatment.
Physical therapy is very helpful and useful for stroke patients’ recovery because of the exercise designed by the physical therapist. Physical therapy attempts to address a human illness that limits the mobilization of the human body that can cause impairment of the person’s ability to do its daily activity routine.
Conditions That Physical Therapy Can Treat
Physical therapy treats stroke patients using different techniques and strategies, injured athletes, and people who suffered from chronic pain.
The treatment may include, exercise and stretching of the body muscles and joints guided by the therapist, Massage can be heat or cold base massage will be used to ease the muscle pain and spasm.
Physical therapy also can treat urinary incontinence, this disease is common to women usually occur during pregnancy and childbirth, by using physical therapy in abdominal muscles, the condition can be treated.
Vertigo can also be treated by physical therapy, though a lot of us did not know physical therapy is very helpful in treating vertigo by exercising the eye.
Education for physical therapy and physiotherapy in every country is different from each other with a different perspective, but they teach the same goal and aim of the study.
Physiotherapist and Physical Therapist
A physiotherapist is a trained person who is responsible for treating persons who are suffering from musculoskeletal disorder and muscle and joint problems while a physical therapist is also a trained person who is responsible for creating and managing the condition of the injured and stroke patients.
Facts About Physical Therapy and Physiotherapy
- Physical therapists can be found in a hospital, school, and other places that need physical therapy.
- A physical therapist is well-trained professionals
- Reconstruction aid is the old name of the physical therapist during World War I
- Physiotherapy is used to treat vertigo
- Physiotherapy can help the psychological problem
A lot of us discuss its difference, but in some countries, physiotherapy and physical therapy are the same things, it will just depend on what country you are in. They are the same thing in a way that they share the same goal the same method of treatment, and just vary in what country the therapy is being used to treat the patient.
But some people believe that physiotherapy and physical therapy is different from each other because they have different specialization in treating the patient’s conditions. They define physiotherapy and physical therapy differently and experts have different views and opinions about physical therapy and physiotherapy.
The thing is, they aim for the good of individuals. Visit your doctor first before engaging yourself in different treatment to avoid further health complications that will worsen your health condition instead of treating it.