Metoprolol Succinate: Uses and Side Effects

Metropolol is a type of drug that is available in the form of an oral tablet and can be purchased under a specific brand name or as a generic brand. Metropolol can also come in many different forms of release mechanisms. Some come in the extended-release or in an immediate release form. Metropolol succinate is the extended form of metropolol which means that it can stay in the patient’s system longer working its effects for a greater period of time. On the other hand, metoprolol tartare is an immediate release type of metoprolol that can quickly or speedily deliver the effects of the medicine. Both forms of metropolol are called beta-blockers and are generally used to address medical conditions such as angina or chest pain, heart failure, hypertension or high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular diseases.

White pills coming out of a purple bottle

Metoprolol succinate is a beta-blocker, which means it is a medicine used to treat issues in the heart and blood flow. Learn more about metoprolol as you read the article.

 

Metoprolol Succinate vs Tartare

It is a type of drug that is available in the form of an oral tablet and can be purchased under a specific brand name or as a generic brand. Metrprolol can also come in many different forms of release mechanisms. Some come in the extended-release or in an immediate release form. Metoprolol succinate is the extended form of metoprolol which means that it can stay in the patient’s system longer working its effects for a greater period of time.

On the other hand, metoprolol tartare is an immediate release type of metoprolol that can quickly or speedily deliver the effects of the medicine. Both forms of metoprolol are called beta-blockers and are generally used to address medical conditions such as angina or chest pain, heart failure, hypertension or high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular diseases.

 

How Does Metoprolol Work?

Both metoprolol succinate and metoprolol tartare are classified as beta-blocker drugs. These class of drugs is grouped in the same class due to the fact that they have similar pharmaceutical mechanisms and work very similarly. Drugs belonging to the same class are usually used to treat the same or similar health conditions.

Relaxing Blood Vessels

Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the blood vessels of the patient get restricted or are tightened. This can result in the body demanding increased intakes of oxygen and can greatly strain the heart. Beta-blockers can help lessen this strain by stopping the adrenalin or the norepinephrine from processing the beta receptors found in the heart’s blood vessels. This can result in more relaxed blood vessels. With the blood vessels already relaxed, the beta-blockers can aid in lowering the overall heart rate of the patient and lower the demand of the heart for oxygen. Ultimately, these can help address hypertension or high blood pressure and angina or chest pain.

Quick-release and extended-release metoprolol are able to achieve their different modes of release or mechanisms by the different salts or sodium base they utilize. Both forms, however, are mainly used to treat and manage medical conditions such as high blood pressure or hypertension and angina or chest pain. In addition, metoprolol succinate can be used to address heart failure while metoprolol tartare can be used by patients to avoid the occurrence of heart attacks. Metoprolol may ideally be used as part of a combination therapy which incorporates the use of either chlorthalidone or hydrochlorothiazide.

 

Minor Side Effects of Metoprolol

The oral tablet form of Metoprolol has been shown to have a number of side effects. Some of the more common side effects are the appearance of rashes, lowered sex drive, a heart that that is abnormally low or bradycardia, problems with breathing such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, and the feeling of being tired. Since these are minor side effects, they usually can resolve on their own within a number of days or weeks. However, if the said minor side effects of metoprolol don’t resolve on their own, patients are advised to immediately seek medical attention.

 

Severe Side Effects of Metoprolol

If the patient believes that he or she is experiencing a medical emergency due to metoprolol use, he or she is advised to immediately seek medical care by coordinating with their healthcare professional or by contacting 911. Some of the more severe or serious side effects of metoprolol include:

  1. Hypotension or Low Blood pressure which can result in fainting, light-headedness and severe dizziness
  2. Cold feet and hands which can lead to painful extremities
  3. Severe Bradycardia or a very low heart rate
  4. Extreme fatigue may result in tiredness that can get worse with each passing day and feeling unusually tired for no specific reason.
  5. Serious depression which can lead to difficulty concentrating, eating disorders where people may eat too much or too little, lack of interest in hobbies that were once usually enjoyed by the patient, feeling of being worthless or the feeling that life is hopeless, and a lingering feeling of anxiety and sadness.

 

Metoprolol Interactions

Metoprolol is a prescription drug for good reason as it can interact with a number of different drugs or medications. In fact, even Herbs and Vitamins have also been known to interact with metoprolol. Drug interactions are usually harmful and may adversely affect the efficacy of the medication making it harmful for the patient or making it less potent for its intended use. To avoid any harmful interactions, patients are advised to work closely with their doctor to ensure that their medications are well managed and that there are no drugs that can adversely interact with their dosage of metoprolol

 

Where to Get It

Metoprolol is not an OTC or over-the-counter drug which means patients need their doctor’s prescription to be able to get them in the pharmacy. While the can be in the form or extended and quick release oral capsules and tablets, it can also be taken through its injectable form. This injectable form, however, will require the supervision of the patient’s doctor or healthcare professional.

Generic brands of metoprolol will obviously cost less than their branded counterparts. The tradeoff is that some generic brands do not come in as varied as doses as the brand name ones which can come in many different doses and forms (Capsules, tablets, etc).

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